Common Name: St. Augustinegrass
Latin Name: Stenotaphrum secundatum (Walt.) Kuntze
Strengths: Shade tolerance, heat tolerance, drought tolerance
Weaknesses: Traffic tolerance, cold tolerance, coarse leaf texture
Growth Habit: Tiller and stolons
Planting Method: Not available as seed, most often planted as sod
Mowing Height: 2.5 to 3.5 inches with a rotary mower
Mowing Frequency: Weekly during the growing season
Fertilization Requirement: Single application rates; 0.5 to 1 lb of Nitrogen per 1,000 sq feet during the growing season months. Annual application rates; 2 to 4 lbs of Nitrogen per 1,000 sq feet per year. Application of other nutrients including Phosphorous, Potassium, and others should be based on soil test results.
Description: St. Augustinegrass is a warm-season grass with good shade tolerance that spreads laterally by stolons. Many varieties have coarse leaf texture but improvements through plant breeding have resulted in newer varieties with finer leaf texture and darker color. It is adaptable to a wide range of soil types, but is limited in use north by its lack of cold tolerance and as a result is most commonly found in southern regions, especially near coastal areas. St. Augustinegrass can only be planted by sod, plugs, or sprigs and is not available as seed.