Common Name: Zoysiagrass
Latin Name: Zoysia japonica Steud; Zoysia matrella (L.) Merr; Zoysia tenuifolia Wiild. Ex Thiele; Zoysia pacifica; Zoysia machrostachya; Zoysia sinica; Many interspecific crosses
Strengths: Shade tolerance, drought tolerance, cold tolerance, traffic tolerance
Weaknesses:Slow recuperative potential, thatch accumulation
Growth Habit: Tillers, rhizomes, and stolons
Mowing Height: 1 to 2 inches with a rotary mower; fine-textured species can be 1/2 to 1 inch with a reel mower
Mowing Frequency: Weekly during the growing season
Fertilization Requirement: Single application rates; 0.5 to 1 lb of Nitrogen per 1,000 sq feet during the growing season months. Annual application rates; 1 to 3 lbs of Nitrogen per 1,000 sq feet per year. Application of other nutrients including Phosphorous, Potassium, and others should be based on soil test results.
Description: Zoysiagrass is a warm-season grass species that spreads laterally by rhizomes and stolons. It is one of the most diverse grass species used in lawns due to the natural variation that exists within each species. There are several species of zoysia grass that exists as well as many crosses between each species that can result in a wide range of characteristics in leaf texture, leaf color, cold tolerance, shade tolerance, drought tolerance, mowing height, and more. Generally speaking, varieties within the Z. Japonica species have wider leaf texture and better cold and drought tolerance than varieties within the other species. However, varieties and crosses within and among the Z. Matrella, Z. Tenuifolia, Z. Pacifica, and other species generally have finer leaf texture, lower mowing height ranges, and better shade tolerance than varieties in Z. japonica. As a result, it is important to determine which variety is best for your lawn based on which traits may be the best fit. Zoysiagrass is available as seed or sod, but is dependent upon variety. While there are a few varieties of zoysiagrass available as seed, most varieties are only available as sod due to the infertility in their seed production.